Our Partner

Mission of Affiliate Partner

Maarij Foundation for Peace and Development (MFPD) works in the field of human rights as well as socioeconomic development. These include assistance to Internally Displaced, execution of clean water projects, health and education, shelter, agricultural development and advisories to small farmers, especially in communities affected by crisis, conflicts, and natural disasters. MFPD has a current consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council as an international organization

Equitable Growth through Socioeconomic Development: Reduction in Unemployment and Poverty through Agricultural Development

Since 2015 MAARIJ has been has a registered Non-Government Organization in Kumba, Cameroon through its affiliate partnership, and authorized to provide services using the registration number, including in other countries. As a partner of Cameroon Jatropha Cultivators, Processors and Marketers Cooperative Society Limited. CAMJACPROMCO. MFPD promotes equitable development through landownership for agriculture from a human rights perspective and corporate social responsibility. In doing so, MFPD creates awareness on land grabbing as a threat to local farmers and communities. While used broadly throughout history, land grabbing primarily refers to large-scale land acquisitions following the 2007-2008 world food price crisis. With fears of food security within the developed world and newfound economic opportunities for agricultural investors and speculators, the food price crisis caused a dramatic spike in large-scale agricultural investments, primarily by foreign companies, for the purposes of food and biofuels production. Initially hailed by investors and some developing countries as a new pathway towards agricultural development, some of the investments where criticized by a number of civil society, governmental, and multinational actors for the various negative impacts that it has had on local communities.

The negative impacts include ineffective legal, political and institutional processes that permit permit large-scale land acquisition to the detriment of local communities that suffer economically and socially, including displaced inhabitants and lack of investments in social amenities and infrastructures in the communities. All of these may result in social unrests, conflicts, and crisis. MFPD promotes equitable partnership between local and international partners to boost agriculture and, at the same time, supports local farmers to gain access to services and international resources to enhance commercial production, and encourages multilateral organizations to invest in the communities to promote sustainable and equitable growth through reduction in employment and poverty in the local communities.

Education on the Comprehensive Africa Agricultural Development Programme

Agriculture has the potential to lift more people out of poverty than any other sector in Africa. Accordingly, the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP), a policy framework for agricultural transformation, wealth creation, food security and nutrition, economic growth and prosperity for all, was adopted to be domesticated by all African Union Member States. From 2021, MFPD will be organizing conferences with farmers in the civil society on the value of CAADP.

Background of CAADP: The African Union Assembly of Heads of State and Government adopted the CAADP in 2003 in Maputo, Mozambique as the Flagship Programme of the African Union for agriculture and food security. The Maputo Declaration on CAADP sets broad targets of 6 percent annual growth in agricultural GDP, and allocation of at least 10 percent of public expenditures to the agricultural sector. From 2003 to 2013, CAADP implementation demonstrated that Africa had well-crafted, home-grown framework guiding policies, strategies and actions for agricultural development and transformation.

This was instrumental in raising the profile of agriculture to the center of development agenda at national, regional and global levels. It also facilitated mobilization and alignment of multi-stakeholders partnerships and investments around National Agriculture and Food Security Investment Plans (NAIPs) that have been developed through the CAADP process.

In 2013, after a decade of implementation, demand for more clarity was expressed by AU Member States and stakeholders in terms of further elaboration and refinement of the CAADP targets, and assessment of technical efficacy and political feasibility for success in agricultural transformation.

There was a need to move from planning to effective implementation for results and impact in changing people’s lives because most of the NAIPs were not fully implemented. This underperformance was due to various reasons such as inadequate funding, no appropriate institutions and policies, low leadership capacity, weak mutual accountability system.

This resulted in the AU Heads of State and Government adopting the Declaration on Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation (Doc. Assembly/AU/2(XXIII)) in June 2014 in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea. Among other commitments, the leaders committed to Mutual Accountability to Results and Actions by conducting a biennial Agricultural Review Process that involves tracking, monitoring and reporting on implementation progress in achieving the provisions of the Malabo Declaration.

This Commitment translates, this time, to a stronger political will for AU Leaders to effectively achieve Agricultural Growth and Transformation on the Continent by 2025 for improved livelihoods and shared prosperity for African citizens. The Biennial Reporting Mechanism was established. The seven (7) Malabo Commitments were translated into seven (7) thematic areas of performance:

  1. Re-committing to the Principles and Values of the CAADP Process;
  2. Enhancing investment finance in agriculture;
  3. Ending Hunger in Africa by 2025;
  4. Reducing poverty by half, by 2025, through inclusive agricultural growth and transformation;
  5. Boosting intra-African trade in agricultural commodities and services;
  6. Enhancing resilience of livelihoods and production systems to climate variability and other related risks; and
  7. Strengthening mutual accountability to actions and results.

Selected indicators were then summarized in an innovative tool called the “Africa Agricultural Transformation Scorecard (AATS)” in order to assess each country’s performance. The AATS highlights each country’s five best and worst indicators and provides specific policy recommendations based on the country’s performance.

The report sets the 2017 benchmark at 3.94 out of 10 as the minimum score for a country to be considered on track towards achieving the Malabo commitments by 2025.

The historic first Biennial Review was presented to the AU Assembly of Heads of State and Government. A strong presence during the presentation indicated the high level of attention the topic receives.

The report reveals that only 20 of the 47 Member States that reported are on track towards achieving the commitments set out in the Malabo Declaration. Of 27 are lacking behind. Awards were given to the best performing countries Rwanda (1st), Mali (2nd) and Morocco (3rd). They were followed by (5.5), Ethiopia (5.3), Togo (4.9), Malawi (4.9), Kenya (4.8), Mauritania (4.8), Burundi (4.7), and Uganda (4.5).

In addition, the countries performing best on the indicators related to the theme “Intra-African Trade”, were recognized: Lesotho for volume of trade and Botswana for trade facilitation. Regionally, East Africa performed best with a score of 4.2, followed by Southern Africa with a score of 4.02.

Implementing CAADP on country level has the potential to transform the agricultural sector on the entire African continent. The Biennial Review has generated a window of opportunity whereby AU member states are newly motivated to push the domestication of CAADP. Its significance for country-level processes in the sector should therefore not be underestimated.

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